Contesting Cyberspace in China: Online Expression and Authoritarian Resilience (Columbia University Press, 2018).

To get the book from Amazon, click here.

The Internet was supposed to be an antidote to authoritarianism. It can enable citizens to express themselves freely and organize outside state control. Yet while online activity has helped challenge authoritarian rule in some cases, other regimes have endured: no movement comparable to the Arab Spring has arisen in China. Drawing on a rich set of data collected through interviews, participant observation, and long-term online ethnography, as well as official reports and state directives, Contesting Cyberspace in China interrogates our assumptions about authoritarian resilience and the democratizing power of the Internet. The book offers a counter-intuitive explanation for the survival of the world’s largest authoritarian regime in the digital age by revealing the complex internal dynamics of online expression in China, especially how the state, service providers, and netizens negotiate the limits of discourse. The book argues that state censorship has conditioned online expression, yet has failed to bring it under control. However, the Internet has proved less threatening than expected due to the multiplicity of beliefs, identities, and values online. Freer expression while empowering regime critics, may work to the advantage of the regime because state-sponsored and spontaneous pro-government commenters have turned out to be a major presence on the Chinese internet, denigrating dissenters and neutralizing criticisms targeting the regime.

[Following the logic in my book, one my understand why the Trump Administration’s China strategy would not weaken authoritarian rule in China. Rather, it has boosted nationalist support for the CCP. Not surprisingly, Trump is nicknamed 川建国(”Trump the Nation-Builder”).]


“If you are looking for that long-awaited book on China’s Internet censorship, look no further. Rongbin Han’s Contesting Cyberspace in China illuminates the labyrinths of that proverbial cat-and-mouse game with clarity and sophistication. It will be a thought-provoking and rewarding read.”—Guobin Yang, University of Pennsylvania, author of The Power of Internet in China: Citizen Activism Online

“How has the Internet changed state-society relations in China? How have social groups engaged in a “guerrilla war” with the authorities over cyberspace? And how is the Internet remaking China? In this empirically rich work, Rongbin Han has provided us with a vivid analysis of the interactions between the state and society in China’s cyberspace. Those who are interested in cyber affairs must read this brilliant book.”—Zheng Yongnian, National University of Singapore, author of Technological Empowerment: The Internet, State, and Society in China

“Contesting Cyberspace in China goes beyond the typical fascination with Chinese censorship and internet controls. It investigates the ways in which social media and online expression are pluralizing political debate in China, giving ample room for fiery nationalists and indignant leftists to attack the regime’s liberal critics. The book is an excellent study of the diversity, drama, and defiance of China’s netizens.” —Mary E. Gallagher, University of Michigan, author of Contagious Capitalism: Globalization and the Politics of Labor in China


The book is reviewed in:

South China Morning Post (together with Molly Roberts’ fantastic book Censored) (by Kyle Hutzler, click here for the article).

American Journal of Sociology (by Dr. David Kurt Herold, click here for the review). 

International Journal of Communication (by Dr. Markus Breen, click here for the review).

Perspectives on Politics (by Dr. Peter Gries, click here for the review).

The Journal of Asian Studies (by Dr. John James Kennedy, click here for the review).

The China Journal (by Dr. Jian Xu, click here for the review).

China Perspectives (by Dr. Séverine Arsène, click here for the review).

Chinese Journal of Communication (by Dr. Shaohua Guo, click here for the review).

 Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly (by Gabriele de Seta, click here for the review).

Pacific Affairs (by Dr. Hualing Fu, click here for the review). 

Journal of Chinese Political Science (by Dr. Maria Repnikova, click here for the review).

Journal of Cyberspace Studies (by Dr. Gordon Alley-Young, click here for the review).

Contemporary Sociology (by Dr. Alexander Dukalskis, click here for the review).

Mobilization (by Dr. Jean Yen-chun Lin, in 24(1), p.119).

CHOICE: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries (by J.A. Steven).